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Asynchronous APIs, Configuration, Error Handling, and Result Types in the Momento Rust SDK

Asynchronous APIs

All APIs in the SDK are asynchronous and return Futures. This means that you will need to use an async runtime; we recommend tokio. Examples that include this dependency and illustrate the use of #[tokio::main] can be found in the example directory of the github repo.

Configuration

Pre-built configurations are provided, with settings such as timeouts and keep-alives tuned to appropriate values for different environments. For example:

  • momento::cache::configurations::Laptop::latest() - suitable for a development environment with lenient timeout s
  • momento::cache::configurations::InRegion::latest() - suitable for a production configuration with more strict timeouts.

These configurations can be passed to the CacheClient and TopicClient builders. For advanced use cases you can build your own configurations rather than using the pre-builts.

Credential Providers

The CredentialProvider struct is used to provide the API key for the Momento service. The two most common factory functions for creating a CredentialProvider are:

  • CredentialProvider::from_env_var - reads the API key from an environment variable
  • CredentialProvider::from_string - takes the API key as a string; can be used when retrieving the key from a se cret manager, etc.

Error Handling

Most APIs return a MomentoResult, which is just a type alias for Result<T, MomentoError>. You can use a match statement to handle the Result or use the ? operator to propagate errors.

Enum Response Types, Type Coercion via into and try_into

Many APIs may have more than one type of response that they can return. For example, CacheClient::get may return a cache hit or a cache miss. These response are represented as enums, which you can interact with via a match statement, or you can use try_into to try to directly coerce the response into your desired type.

All Momento cache values are stored as vec<u8>, but if you are using UTF-8 strings, you can use try_into for these coercions as well.

Here are a few examples of how you can interact with a CacheClient::get response:

Using a match:

  let _item: String = match cache_client.get(cache_name, "key").await? {
Get::Hit { value } => value.try_into()?,
Get::Miss => return Err(anyhow::Error::msg("cache miss"))
};

Or directly via try_into:

  let _item: String = cache_client.get(cache_name, "key").await?.try_into()?;

If you are using Momento collection data types, such as lists and dictionaries, we support into for the main Rust types that you would expect to be able to use to represent these. For example, for Momento dictionaries:

  let _item: HashMap<String, String> = cache_client
.dictionary_fetch(cache_name, "dictionary_key")
.await?
.try_into()?;